Gynecologic problems are not as common as lower abdominal pain. Patients continue to visit many doctors for the same problem. There are many structures that make up pelvis: uterus and ovary; uterus and urinary bladder; prostate; seminal Vesicle, rectum; rectum; vascular and nerveplexus; lymphatics with lymph nodes.
There are many structures that can cause pain in the pelvis. There are three main structures that can cause pain from the pelvis: the ovary and testis. Most patients complain of lower abdominal pain, colicky, cramping, and aching. It could be one quadrant or the entire lower abdomen. Dyspareunia may also be present